What is a nevus? In layman’s terms, a nevi is a birth mark.
However, there’s more to know than that. There are many forms of nevi, including; connective tissue, epidermal nevus and melanocytic.
This type of birth defect can be caused by many things such as genetic mutations, exposure to chemicals, or anemia, among others. There are also certain factors like weight, skin color, gender, age, and hormone levels that can contribute to the development of this condition.
Epidermal nevus is caused by a deficiency of the protein keratin in the dermis or layer beneath the skin. Melanocytes are a type of cell responsible for producing melanin, which is the main pigment responsible for creating dark skin tone and color. Epidermal nevus can be classified into three groups namely – melanocytic, albinospermia and retinoblastoma. When melanocytes are defective, melanin production is not complete, resulting to an abnormal dark skin. Connective tissue nevus can occur in adults as a result of skin diseases such as, xerosis, dermatitis, and eczema, among others.
The connective tissues are tissues that make up connective tissues such as collagen and elastin.
They help in keeping the skin elastic, elasticity, and moist. Melanin production is not complete in connective tissue and it accumulates to form a darker skin tone. Epidermis is made up of two layers: dermis and subcutaneous layer.
Connective tissue also includes muscles such as muscles of the skin, bones and tendons. If you have a problem with your connective tissues, it can affect the appearance of your skin, especially if you have a problem with your muscles.
Melanocystic nevus can be due to an underdevelopment or overdevelopment of the melanin producing cells of the dermis. The cells are normally responsible for creating melanin but they can underdevelop when you get older, resulting to dark spots and a skin tone that are pale.
Melanocystic nevus can cause a number of physical problems including dry skin, fever, infection and swelling. It is common among people with melanomas. It is also responsible for hair loss, as well as the melanin does not mix with the blood.
Melanocystic nevus can be treated by using topical products such as, lotions, ointments, and creams.
If this condition is severe, surgical removal may be needed.
Some people with a melanocytic nevus might need to use other treatments to reduce their skin’s pigmentation. You can use prescription medications that can help with the condition. These medications help to reduce the melanin, which is one of the causes of the pigmentation.
Some people who have this type of nevus experience a condition called Melanotic nevus. Melanotic nevus is characterized by an excessive production of melanin in the skin pigment, resulting to dark spots and even patches.
Laser treatment is another option for treating this type of nevus. In laser treatment, a light laser is used on the affected areas to treat the skin pigmentation. The area is then re-treated by another laser that helps to eliminate the pigment.
Surgical treatments are also available for treating these types of nevus. They include, dermabrasion, cryotherapy, radiofrequency ablation, or photodynamic ablation, among others.
There are many common treatments for this type of nevus and they all have positive results.
However, you need to take note that some of them might not work for every person and you need to see a doctor to find out which treatment would work best for you.
There are people who might have side effects from laser treatment. For example, you may experience redness, peeling, dryness or itching. This is because the laser damages the skin, so it is important to discuss it with your dermatologist.
Laser treatments are also very expensive, especially if you want to reduce the size of the nevus. This is why it is always recommended to see a doctor before undergoing any treatment for the treatment of your nevus.
Your diet should also play a role in helping to prevent or reduce the size of the nevus. In general, oily, fatty foods should be eliminated in your diet, as they have been shown to increase melanin production. Vitamins A, B, C and E are also good for reducing the size of your nevus. Also, you should avoid red meats, since they can increase the risk of your nevus being melanized.