Shigella bacteria are very common in the intestines and are the causative agent of shigellosis.
They thrive in moist, dark areas. They are also found in areas such as dental hygiene, cosmetics, and food preparation.
Shigellosis is a species of Gram-negative bacteria, facultative, anaerobic, non-motile, generally rod-like, Gram-positive, eukaryotic and closely related to the E. coli species. The genus name is based on Kiyoshi Shiiga, who first isolated it in 1897. It has now become one of the most important species in the intestinal flora, responsible for several forms of diarrhea, dysentery, pneumonia and colitis.
Shigellosis is caused by Gram-positive bacteria growing uninvited in the small intestine. These bacteria cause inflammation and diarrhea. The cause of shigellosis can be traced to several sources. Most often it is the result of contact with contaminated food, animals, or humans.
To avoid shigellosis, the gastrointestinal tract must be maintained healthy. Food should be well cooked before consumption and avoided until after its cooking has completely finished.
Foods that are infected with the bacteria can pass from the body through diarrhea. Therefore, before eating, the stomach should be empty. Garlic is effective in killing the bacteria that causes shigellosis.
Dilation and evacuation (D&E) methods are often effective in treating diarrhea. There are some cases in which the infection is not caused by direct contact with contaminated food. For these cases, use of antibiotics to cure bacterial diarrhea may not be effective.
Fecal matter, blood, and other secretions should be removed as soon as possible. This will prevent shigellosis from occurring in the first place. Fecal matter, including blood, can carry the bacteria from the intestines into the bloodstream and cause a more serious disease.
Shigellosis can be treated by various medications. If the symptoms are not resolved in 48 hours, doctors may prescribe antibiotics.
Shigellosis can also be prevented. In the case of long-term antibiotic treatment, the immune system may be compromised, resulting in increased risk for re-occurrence of shigellosis.
There are also vaccines available for the prevention of shigellosis.
Shigella is easily spread to people when contaminated food is consumed. Shigella bacteria can enter your body through the mouth, nose, or throat.
Individuals who have a good immune system and live in a healthy environment can minimize the risk of developing shigellosis. This is because people with a strong immune system are less likely to be infected.
In many people, bacteria can remain dormant in the intestines and grow inactive without the need for contact with humans. However, shigellosis does occur when the bacteria grow uninvitedly in the intestines. In this instance, the person may become symptomatic. People who are immunocompromised, pregnant women, and AIDS patients are at higher risks.
Shigellosis can be prevented by keeping the intestines free of any foreign objects and organisms, such as dead cells and bacteria. It is important to drink plenty of fluids, such as water and juice. Avoid eating undercooked meat and drinking lots of milk, and not to touch raw fruits and vegetables.
Diarrhea may result from a viral or bacterial infection that prevents the normal function of the intestines. Diarrhea can be treated with antibiotics.
Antibiotics can kill shigellosis causing bacteria and control diarrhea. In addition, the symptoms may be relieved by taking Vitamin C tablets or consuming yogurt.
A healthy diet, daily exercise, and avoiding food contaminated with shigellosis can reduce the risk of contracting shigellosis. If symptoms persist after three weeks, your doctor may recommend antibiotics.
Long-term treatments with antibiotics may result in serious complications, such as kidney infections. In pregnant women, shigellosis is linked to the development of premature labor. For these reasons, it is important to seek medical advice if symptoms persist after three weeks of antibiotics.
Symptoms of shigellosis are difficult to diagnose unless symptoms are severe or present in all patients. Doctors do not always notice the symptoms that indicate the presence of shigellosis, so it is up to the patient to detect symptoms when they occur.
If you have experienced shigellosis symptoms, and you suspect that you may be infected, seek medical care. as soon as possible, as symptoms can continue to recur and the condition may cause serious problems. in the future. Early detection of shigellosis can prevent serious consequences.